Property Cooling Measure Sep 2022

30 Sept 2022
Measures to Promote Sustainable Conditions in the Property Market by Ensuring Prudent Borrowing and Moderating Demand

1. Increase in TDSR and MSR calculation by 0.5 percentage point

  • There will be an increase of 0.5% point in the interest rate floor used to calculate the Total Debt Servicing Ratio (TDSR) and the mortgage servicing ratio (MSR).
  • An interest rate floor of 3% has been implemented for determining the eligible loan amount for loans granted by HDB.
    +0.5% for TDSR, MSR


2. HDB LTV Limit Reduced to 80%

  • Loan-to-Value (LTV) limit for HDB housing loans will reduce from 85% to 80%.
  • The lower LTV limit will apply to new flat applications for sales exercises launched and complete resale applications which are received by HDB on or after 30 September 2022
  • The revised LTV limit does not apply to loans granted by private financial institutions, for which the LTV limit remains at 75%

Why these cooling measures?

Due to a substantial increase in market interest rates, there is a growing likelihood of further increases in the future. And as such these measures aim to regulate the amount of money that can be borrowed for property purchases, ensuring that borrowers do not overextend themselves financially. By setting stricter limits on loan quantum, the government intends to protect home buyers from potential difficulties that may arise as a result of uncertain economic conditions and the anticipated rise in interest rates.

It is essential for property buyers and owners to carefully evaluate their financial circumstances and take into account the potential impact of rising interest rates on their borrowing costs. Engaging with financial institutions and seeking professional advice will be crucial to navigating these changes effectively.

If you are unsure of the entire resale process, do read: HDB resale payment timeline: How to plan your cashflow 

3. 15-Month Wait-out Period for Private Home Owners Buying HDB Flats

  • Private residential property owners (PPOs) and former PPOs will need to wait for a duration of 15 months before they can purchase a non-subsidized HDB resale flat.
  • The wait-out period will not apply to seniors aged 55 and above who are moving from their private property to a 4-room or smaller resale flat.
  • HDB may grant exceptions on a case-by-case basis for those facing genuine housing needs or extenuating circumstances, regardless of their age.
  • This new measure will take effect from 30 September 2022. It is a temporary measure which will be reviewed in future depending on overall market conditions and housing demand.

Why this cooling measure?

Very simple- the government wants to maintain affordable housing options, particularly for first-time home buyers. This measure aims to moderate demand and prevent private property owners, who generally have greater financial means, from outbidding other potential buyers.

Before 30 Sept 2022– PPOs and ex-PPOs are currently allowed to buy a non-subsidised HDB resale flat on the open market, with the requirement that they dispose of their private properties within six months of the HDB flat purchase.



The recent round of cooling measures, aims to address signs of overheating in both the HDB resale and private home markets. By reviewing and adapting measures in response to market dynamics, the government aims to maintain a stable and sustainable property market that aligns with economic fundamentals.

Possible overflow of demand into the rental market

The measures are likely to make it challenging for potential home buyers to obtain loans or afford properties. As a result, individuals who are unable to meet the stricter criteria or afford the higher costs of purchasing a property may shift their focus towards the rental market. This increase in demand for rental properties can lead to a surge in rental prices and a decrease in rental vacancy rates. Landlords and property investors may benefit from this shift in demand, capitalizing on the growing number of tenants seeking rental accommodations.

Expecting the market to cool down as a result of these measures

The increase in interest rate floors for Total Debt Servicing Ratio (TDSR) and Mortgage Servicing Ratio (MSR) calculations, along with the reduction in the Housing Development Board (HDB) loan-to-value (LTV) limit, will limit the amount of money borrowers can access for property purchases.

These measures aim to prevent over-borrowing and speculative activities, ensuring a more sustainable and stable property market. As a result, potential buyers may be deterred from entering the market or may need more time to accumulate sufficient funds for a purchase. This decrease in demand for properties can lead to a stabilization or even a decrease in property prices. Overall, the cooling measures aim to create a balanced and sustainable property market in the long run.

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