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    Graduating from college is liberating: it marks your first significant achievement into adulthood. 

    Whether you’re graduating in 2020 or have already been working for a few years, we’re here to help you start planning for the bigger milestones down the road, like buying your first home.

    Here are our top home loan planning tips for fresh grads:

     

    Tip #1: Open a savings account

    Since buying a home is possibly the biggest financial commitment anyone can make, it’s wise to start saving well in advance. A good rule of thumb is the 50/30/20 rule financial gurus tout:

    • 50% of your take-home pay (read: after CPF deductions!) should go towards essential and non-negotiable expenses like insurance and food
    • 30% towards non-essential expenses, or “wants” (like that unlimited data SIM-only plan or the HSBC Movie Card your friends have been bugging you to get)
    • 20% towards saving for your dream home, but of course the more you can save the better

     

    Tip #2: Plan your finances

    When do you plan on putting down the first payment on your new home? Work backwards and figure out the timeline, so you know how much time you have to save the funds you need.

    We have a more detailed article on how to do financial planning, but here's a brief rundown:

     

    Here's how to do a bit of financial planning for your first home.

    First, you'll want to figure out when you'll likely be making the first payment on your new home. This expected time of purchase (e.g. 3-4 years later) is how much of a runway you'll have to save.

    Then, chart your monthly savings to get a clearer picture of how they will accumulate over time. This includes the moolah in your bank account as well as your combined CPF contributions.

    What sort of interest are you earning on that money? Factor that into your calculations too.

    This will eventually translate into your budget for the home and the mortgage you’ll qualify for. (Read also: How to Apply for a BTO / Balance Flat)

     

    Tip #3: Talk to an adviser

    It’s never too early to begin planning for your future. Apart from reading articles just like this, talk to a financial adviser about your goals.

    They’ll be able to answer your questions about the process of buying a home and what you need to be ready.

    (Read also: Buying Your First Home in Singapore? Here's What You Need to Know.)

     

    Tip #4: Do your research on home loan packages

    What better way to secure a mortgage than to be prepared? Start by comparing the different types of mortgages, such as a bank vs an HDB loan.The type of loan you ultimately choose will be a combination of a few factors like:

    • How much in savings do you have? (Don’t worry if this isn’t much today. We all start somewhere!)
    • What’s your risk appetite?
    • How predictable is your income?

    Shortlist 2-3 home loan packages that you might want to apply for eventually. Take note of the requirements for each home loan application.

     

    Do your research on home loan packages available out there.

    Tip #5: Understand the basics of HDB loans

    Here’s what you should know about getting an HDB loan:

    • At least one buyer has to be a Singaporean citizen
    • You’ll enjoy a stable interest rate 
    • It’s perfect for people who don’t have a lot of savings
    • The down payment is 10% of the purchase price
    • The down payment can come from your CPF or government grants
    • They’re more flexible with late repayments 
    • There are no penalties for early full repayment
    • The HDB loan interest rate is currently 2.6%

    To be eligible for an HDB loan:

    • Your combined monthly income must be less than $12,000 
    • You must not have owned any private property in the last 30 months 

     

    Tip #6: Use CPF or housing grants

    When you finally decide on a property to buy, the amount you’ve got in your CPF OA can go towards the down payment.

    For an HDB loan, the required down payment is 10% of the purchase price of the home. You can pay this off using your CPF or housing grants.

    (Pro Tip: You can get up to $160,000 in subsidies if you're going for a resale flat, which could effectively put them at the same price range as a BTO!)

    But if you get a bank loan, you’ll need to put down 25% of the purchase price. From this amount, 5% must be paid in cash while the other 20% can come from your CPF (or cash).

    The total amount of CPF you can use depends on the type of property you buy. Don’t burn through it all though: if you can afford it, we recommend keeping at least $20,000 in your CPF to accumulate risk-free interest. Even though the idea of “retirement” might be a distant future, you won’t want to sacrifice long-term financial security for a continually-dwindling HDB lease.

     

    Tip #7: Identify your risk profile 

    Would you rather play it safe or put the work in to get the best deals? Knowing your risk profile can help you decide what type of loan is best for you.

    Broadly, here are the four types of risk profiles we tend to fall into:

    The safety net: If you’d prefer a set rate for a predetermined period of time, opt for the fixed rate. There are no surprises here, as the rate stays the same for the first 1 to 5 years. This is the perfect option for people who have found the right home and intend on settling there over a long period of time.

    A small risk appetite: If you’d prefer the cheapest rates in the market with transparency, opt for a floating rate. The downside: It’s somewhat volatile and only works if you're willing to refinance your mortgage every few years.

    Somewhere in the middle: If you’d prefer a rate that’s not as volatile but still transparent, opt for fixed deposit-linked rate. The downside: Rates change based on the bank.

    The risk-seeker: If you’re open to risks, opt for a board rate and you may get the lowest rate. The downside: Rates are not transparent and can change based on the bank.

     

    Tip #8: Get a credit card and improve your credit history

    Build good credit to raise your chances of securing a home loan.

    Your credit history directly impacts your chance of getting a home loan approved. If you don’t already have a credit card, now might be the time to get one and start building a good credit history. 

    If you already have a credit card account, improve your credit score by:

    • Making payments on time (like utility and cell phone bills)
    • Making purchases that you pay off punctually every month (not accumulating debt) 
    • Applying for and opening new credit accounts only when necessary
    • Disputing inaccuracies on your credit reports

     

     

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